The Culinary Artist’s Gluten Free Flour (no gums added)

by Donna on 07/02/2012

The Culinary Artist's Gluten Free Flour (no gums)

I’ve already shared with you the recipe for my all purpose gluten free flour.  In it, I included xanthan gum (and an option for equal parts xanthan and guar gum if you have both gums at home) to provide the binding qualities that gluten provides in wheat flour.  Not only have I been reading that some folks don’t tolerate gums very well, I have also realized that not all recipes require the same amount of binder (gums).  For example, when using my flour blend to dredge chicken, fish, or eggplant or when making a batter for fried chicken, you don’t need any gum.  I’ve found that pancakes and brownies don’t really need gums, either.  However, cake, pizza, and yeast breads typically do need some type of binder.  Historically, I’ve used xanthan and guar gum in equal proportions as my binders of choice, as I don’t feel any ill effects from them.  There are other options, however.  In addition to the pectin I include in my gluten free flour blend, some other gluten free binders to explore are eggs, gelatin (made from animal bones and skin and not suitable for vegans), flax seed meal (a source of fiber and omega 3 fatty acids), chia meal (high in omega 3 fatty acids and a source of soluble fiber), psyllium husk (source of soluble fiber) and agar agar (a vegetarian “gelatin” substitute made from a variety of seaweed vegetation).  We’ll talk about these as options as we go along.  But for today, here is my flour blend with no gums added.  You can use this flour recipe as a 1:1 replacement for wheat flour in most of your favorite recipes.  You’ll need to add binders for certain things like cake, pizza, and yeast breads.  Use this recipe and the following guide to help determine how much gum to add to your specific recipe.  You may need to tweak the gum amounts listed as these amounts are only given as a starting point.

The Culinary Artist’s Gluten Free Flour (no gums added)

Ingredients

Instructions

  1. In a large bowl, dump all of the ingredients. Stir with a wire whisk until well incorporated. Store in an airtight container in the refrigerator.
http://theculinaryartist.com/the-culinary-artists-gluten-free-flour-no-gums-added/

Bob’s Red Mill is a wonderful online source for so many gluten free items.  I love their gluten free rolled oats and frequently use their xanthan gum.  They also have a blog and featured a helpful post that I recommend you read.  In the article they discuss the differences between xanthan and guar gum and offer a wonderful guide for how much of either gum to add to your recipes.  I’ve listed their guide here, but again, I encourage you to read all of their information on the topic.  Although they recommend gum in most gluten free baked products, I challenge you to try eliminating it from things like brownies, cookies, pancakes and waffles.  I don’t think you’ll miss it.

How much Xanthan Gum for Gluten Free Baking?
Cookies………………………………¼ teaspoon per cup of flour
Cakes and Pancakes………………..½ teaspoon per cup of flour
Muffins and Quick Breads………… ¾ teaspoon per cup of flour
Breads……………………………….1 to 1-½ tsp. per cup of flour
Pizza Dough…………………..…… 2 teaspoons per cup of flour
For Salad Dressings…Use ½ tsp. Xanthan Gum per 8 oz. of liquid.

How much Guar Gum for Gluten Free Baking?
Cookies………………………………¼ to ½ tsp. per cup of flour
Cakes and Pancakes………………..¾ teaspoon per cup of flour
Muffins and Quick Breads………….1 teaspoon per cup of flour
Breads……………………………….1-½ to 2 tsp. per cup of flour
Pizza Dough…………………..…….1 Tablespoon per cup of flour
For Hot Foods (gravies, stews , heated pudding)…Use 1-3 teaspoons per one quart of liquid.
For Cold Foods (salad dressing, ice creams, pudding) Use about 1-2 teaspoons per quart of liquid.

I’d love to hear your feedback on the topic of gums and alternative gluten free binders.  Can you tolerate xanthan and guar gum?  Have you found others binders that do the job for you?  We all benefit when we share our knowledge (both flops and successes) on our gluten free journey.

 

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